The Strategist

Seven most optimistic countries

03/16/2017 - 14:50

Brunswick, an international consulting company, published results of an international study compiled on the basis of a survey of over 40,000 people from 26 countries.

This study takes into account a gap between generations, geographical differences, and concludes how optimistic is population of a country about the future. As a result, the survey showed that population of developing countries (40% optimism about future of children) is much more upbeat than population of developed countries (9%).

Here’s a list of seven countries whose population is the most optimistic about the future.

7. Hong Kong, 32%

Population of Hong Kong exceeds seven million people. About 95% of Hong Kong's residents are ethnic Chinese. This is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, with density of more than 6200 people per square kilometer. Number of people living in Hong Kong continues to grow thanks to an influx of immigrants from mainland China, which annually adds about 45 thousand people.

6. Brazil, 34%

Local population numbers around 204,259,812. The annual increase is 1.2% (fertility is 2.2 births per woman), and the average life expectancy is 69 years for men, 76 years for women. Thanks to well-developed agriculture, mining and manufacturing industries and the services sector, and also to a large number of the able-bodied population, Brazil is considerably ahead of any other Latin American country in terms of GDP, being the main economy in MERCOSUR.

Now, the country is expanding its presence in world markets. Major export products include aviation equipment, coffee, vehicles, soy, iron ore, orange juice, steel, textiles, footwear, electrical equipment and sugar.

5. Thailand, 41%

Population of Thailand mainly consists of ethnic Thai and Laotians (80%). Thailand is an agrarian-industrial country. Agriculture takes 10.7% in local GDP, and employs half of the able-bodied population. The main agricultural crop is rice, crops of which occupy a third of the cultivated land.

The share of industry in GDP is 44.5%; 14% of the labor force work there.

4. Indonesia, 60%

Population of Indonesia amounts to more than 245 613 043 people. Indonesia, therefore, is the most populous country in Southeast Asia and ranks fourth in the world in terms of number of inhabitants.

According to forecasts of UN experts, the population growth rate in Indonesia will be gradually slowing down in the coming decades, and, having reached its maximum in 2055 (295 million people), the number of people will begin to decrease.

3. United Arab Emirates, 63%

The United Arab Emirates is populated by approximately 4.1 million people, a third of whom are ethnic Arabs, 11% are innate. The rest are from Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal and other countries of South Asia and the Philippines, who immigrated to the UAE as temporary workers.

85% of those living in the country are not citizens of the UAE. Arab immigrants are represented mainly by Arabs from other Arab countries with a low standard of living (Yemen, Iraq, Egypt, Sudan). There are people from Eastern and Central African countries, mainly from Somalia, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Eritrea. 88% of population is concentrated in cities.

The largest and most dynamically developing city is Dubai with a population of over 2.5 million people. Other major cities are Abu Dhabi (the capital), Sharjah, El Ain and Fujairah.

2. India, 73%

India ranks second in the world after China by population (1.3 billion people). Almost 70% of Indians live in rural areas, although migration to large cities has led to a sharp increase in the urban population in recent decades. In terms of cultural, linguistic and genetic diversity, India ranks second in the world after the African continent. Average literacy rate in India is 64.8% (53.7% among women and 75.3% among men). Average age of local population of India is 24.9 years, and the annual population growth is 1.38%; 22.01 children are born for 1 thousand people a year.

1. China, 74%

There are several dozen nationalities China, 56 of which are recognized. Each nationality has its own customs, national costumes and, in many cases, its own language. Yet, with all their diversity and rich cultural traditions, these peoples make up only about 7% of local population, the main part of which is formed by the Chinese, who call themselves Han.

Population of China is characterized by a high average age, which is a consequence of the "One family - one child" policy. Rate of local population growth is only 0.49%.