The Strategist

Seven Chinese projects to remold the world

09/27/2016 - 16:55

China is probably the most dynamic country in the world. Nevertheless, very few people realize how fast its infrastructure is growing.

Bruno Corpet
Bruno Corpet
Over the next 10 years, the country plans to relocate 250 million people (equal to total number of Indonesian population) in fast-growing mega-cities. In order to implement the process, China has invested billions of dollars in large-scale infrastructure projects. Some of them are already nearing completion, and some are still under construction. Below are the country’s most extensive and costly projects.

Asian Highways Network

Cost: $ 43 billion

Asian Highways Network is a project of Asian countries and The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), which aims to improve the highway network in Asian countries. China has become one of the countries that have decided to participate in this project. 

Total length of all routes is more than 150 thousand km.

Beijing - Shanghai High Speed Railway

Cost: $ 35 billion

This is a line of high-speed ground transport, length of which is 1318 km.

The line connects two major economic zones in the People's Republic of China: Bohai Bay and Yangtze river’s Delta. Construction of the line began on April 18, 2008 and was completed on November 15, 2010. The railway was officially opened on June 30, 2011. This is the first line with the maximum train speed of 380 km/h.

Harbin - Dalian High-Speed Railway

Cost: $ 14 billion

This is the world's first high-speed railway line mountain in China, opened on December 1, 2012. It joins Harbin, Changchun, Shenyang and Dalian. Total length of the line is 904 km; the train goes through it at a speed of 350 km/h.

Yangshan Port

Cost: $ 12 billion

This deep-sea cargo port, one of the parts of Shanghai Port, located 32 km from the mainland to an archipelago of the same name (Zhejiang, China) in the Gulf of Hangzhou of East China Sea.

After commissioning of the deepwater port of Yangshan, Shanghai's port will become the world’s largest port by cargo turnover. It is planned that the project will be released on the maximum load level by 2024. By 2015, it had shipped 36.5 million containers.

Hainan Wenchang Space Center

Cost: $ 12 billion

This is the fourth Chinese spaceport. Located near the town of Wenchang City in the north-east coast of Hainan Island. The place was primarily chosen by two factors: firstly, proximity to the equator, providing an advantage in the initial pulse at the start of space rockets, and secondly, an adjacent beach reach with convenient bays, necessary for delivery of space rockets from a plant in Tianjin to the launch site. Marine passage is the cheapest and only suitable way for such a large cargo. After 5 years of building, the launch pad is almost ready for use.

Advantages of the new spaceport lies not only in its higher technological equipment, but also in its location in the lower latitudes. Proximity to the equator launch pad facilitates solution of problems to boost spacecraft into orbit. 

Wenchang spaceport will be crucial for further implementation of China's ambitious space program. It will be used to deliver national space station components and for lunar missions.

Xiluodu Dam

Cost: $ 6.76 billion

The dam is located near the village of Silodu. The river serves as an administrative border with the province of Sichuan.

When the construction was completed, it has become a key element of regulation of Jinsha flow, which is intended to produce hydroelectric power and is used reduce amount of silt in the water.

Xiluodu Dam is the third large hydropower plant in the world (13,860 MW).

Nanhui New City 

Cost: $ 4.5 billion

Nanhui is a new city to be completed in 2020. According to the plan, it will be home for almost 1 million people.

The construction began in 2003. The city is located 60 km from Shanghai. It is expected that the settlement will become a "mini-Hong Kong". By the way, local housing is already in great demand. In addition, it will host 8 university campuses, with about 100 thousand students living there.